(dropped uterus & bladder)
Pelvic Organ Prolapse or POP refers to the loss of support around the pelvic organs. This could involve the uterus, bladder, urethra, vagina and/or the rectum. Pelvic Organ Prolapse can present itself in many ways and cause a variety of symptoms. POP may constitute an isolated defect or, more likely, a combination of defects. In many cases, POP is referred to as “prolapsed vagina” or “fallen bladder”.
- Pressure or discomfort in the pelvic area
- Feeling a “bulge” emanating from the vagina
- Inability to fully empty the bladder
- Urinary incontinence
Factors that may contribute or cause POP:
- Genetic predisposition to weakness in the support structures of the pelvic organs
- Damage to support from pregnancy and/or vaginal childbirth
- Chronic conditions that increase the pressure in the abdomen
- chronic cough
- repetitive heavy lifting or squatting
- chronic defecatory disorders (e.g., constipation)
- Decrease in estrogen (after menopause)
POP requires a thorough evaluation by an experienced specialist and includes a comprehensive history and specific examination of each of the three vaginal compartments. Once an evaluation has been performed, a plan can be formulated to manage or treat the POP specifically tailored for each patient. In most cases, POP can be corrected and cured.